A "must-have" set of basketball coaching tips seems to come from anyone who has ever picked up a clipboard and whistle. I guess I'm no
different. The following aspects of coaching the game of basketball are,
to me, the bedrock of a successful season and the foundation to becoming a good basketball coach.
You can survive without these coaching skills, and you may even win a few basketball games without them. But you will not win consistently, and you will not win against strong teams, unless you - the coach - are able to do these things.
And on top of that, without considerable focus on these skills, you cannot progress in your own abilities to coach basketball.
While there are plenty of skills needed to make a person an effective coach, here are a few basketball coaching tips to help us approach the game in the right manner:
Good organization begins way before the season begins. If you aren't organized, your players will not progress and your team will not improve.
This is essential in coaching basketball - I have seen so many coaches out on the court with a vague idea of what they want to do but no plan. Sometimes they win, but that's due almost solely to the natural abilities of their players. If you want to make a difference, always be prepared and organized.
There are, of course, other aspects to being prepared. Keep track of player progress (more on that below), stay on top of game stats so you can spot weak points in your team's play, be prepared to prevent and treat injury, organize home games and transportation for away games, have road trips planned out well in advance - the list never stops!
There are some great DVDs out there like Bob Hurley's Coaching High School Basketball 4-Pack that focus on organizing your season, and take you through subjects like practice planning and program development, and how to develop multiple offensive and defensive systems.
Practices need to be learning experiences, and not just about how to shoot a basketball or how to pass (although they are important!). Attitude is more important than skill, especially if you look at the larger picture, at what we want our players to take from their experience with us into the world after basketball.
Practice sessions are not just for learning physical skills - they're also for learning mental skills. If our players can't focus in the practice, that ability won't magically appear in the game. Start each practice with a brief overview of what you want to focus on - e.g., improve passing skills - so players know what you are looking for. Then keep them on task and motivate them to work hard to constantly improve.
Players need to work hard and remained focused for the entire practice. They can have fun, enjoy what they are doing, as long as they are working hard and trying to improve to the best of their ability. You only have so many practices before the season begins, and you can't afford to waste any - be guaranteed your competition will not. And by improving their ability to focus in practice, your players will be able to focus better in the game, where it really counts.
Along those lines, here's another coaching tip: going into every game you should develop game goals for the team - outcomes or actions you want the team to focus on (perhaps this is another basketball coaching tip all on it's own, but I'll mention it here anyway.) Maybe it's a rebounding target, or reducing turnovers. It's whatever you think the team needs to work on the most, based on what you have seen in your previous games' stats and in practices. Whatever the game goals, your players need to be focused on achieving them, while at the same time doing everything else the game of basketball requires of them.
The coach's attitude sets the tone for the rest of the team.
Consider what we want our players to do:
But players will emulate their coach. If the coach screams at the refs, throws chairs, screams at his players, or makes snide comments on the bench, you can bet this will carry over to the players, and bad attitudes and technical fouls start to fly all over the court.
The coach needs to be the model of appropriate behavior, disciplined during practices, collected during games, the foundation upon which the team is built.
Your behavior on the court really stems from your own philosophy on coaching basketball. Determine for yourself what you want your players to achieve through your coaching, use this as the basis to developing your personal personal coaching philosophy, and then stay true to that philosophy as you coach and deal with your players.
Every player is different, and each basketball position requires a focus on different skills, and so each player's development has to be handled individually. Just as you set goals for the team to accomplish during pre-season (e.g., run a proper fast break, effectively execute plays), you need to set goals for individual players as well.
Individual player goals will mostly take the form of skill improvement, whereas team goals will be more along the lines of teamwork and execution of team strategy. Specific goals will help players focus clearly on what they are trying to accomplish, and will make them more likely to achieve success.
From the beginning of the season, evaluate your players to determine what skills they need to improve on, assign each of them a prioritized list of skills they need to work on, and then encourage (demand?) players to be at practice 15 minutes early to work on developing these skills. Continually observe their progress in these pre-practice sessions, as well as through practice observation and by using game stats. Make adjustments as you go along, tweaking instructions according to how your players are progressing, and when they finally succeed at reaching their goals, acknowledge their achievements and then set new goals and start all over.
Another basketball coaching tip on game stats: they can be useful in identifying improvement and weak spots, but don't become a slave to them and don't let your players become obsessed with their stats.
This is a team game, and while your players' individual development is important, the team must be able to trust each other and act as one. Coaches tend to be focused on the game - the skills and strategies needed to win. Turning the focus to a "soft skill" like building relationships doesn't come naturally to a lot of us, myself included.
Here's some possible ways to accomplish this:
Whenever possible, give your players a sense of ownership of the team - with a more personal stake in the team's success and image, they'll work harder and perform better. Get them involved.
It's not just a team you are building, but an entire program. The team is the nucleus of the program, but if you are aiming for championships, you can't be insulated from everything else going on. You need to focus on developing your team, but you also need to focus on developing your program as a whole.
Building a championship program requires you to:
For more ideas and great tips on how to develop championship teams and programs, you can get Bob Knight's advice on his DVD collection, Bob Knight's Advanced Basketball 3-Pack - in fact, one of the DVDs in the collection is actually called "Essential Drills for Building a Championship Program."
To condense this basketball coaching tip into one sentence - see the big picture and constantly work to improve upon what you have already built.
If you want to grow something, you need to water it on a regular basis. If you want your coaching skills to improve, you have to continuously be striving to improve your knowledge and your system - the things you do and the way you do things.
Always be reading up on how other basketball coaches have done things, experiment with new approaches, new basketball strategies, take note of what worked and what didn't, keep the good and drop the bad, always be refining the system. Keep your eyes open, because there's always more basketball coaching tips to be found, different ways to do things.
Attend seminars and coaching clinics - you likely have some governing
body in your region that provides periodic clinics or certification
courses, so find out what that organization is and sign up to their
newsletter or RSS feed. Keep abreast of what is going on.
As Coach John Wooden said, "It's what we learn after we know it all that counts."
There are plenty of more coaching tips out there, and I'll continue to revise and add as time goes on. But these few are a good place to start.